Sumatran Tiger

        The Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) is a rare tiger subspecies that inhabits the Indonesian island of Sumatra. It has been listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List in 2008 as the population was estimated at 441 to 679 individuals, with no subpopulation larger than 50 individuals and a declining trend.
        The Sumatran tiger is one of the smallest tiger subspecies. Males weigh 100 to 140 kg (220 to 310 lb) and measure 2.2 to 2.55 m (87 to 100 in) in length between the pegs with a greatest length of skull of 295 to 335 mm (11.6 to 13.2 in). Females weigh 75 to 110 kg (165 to 243 lb) and measure 215 to 230 cm (85 to 91 in) in length between the pegs with a greatest length of skull of 263 to 294 mm (10.4 to 11.6 in).
        Tigers don't have a set season for reproduction to take place. Instead they are able to engage in the activities throughout the year. After a gestation period of 16 weeks (about 3.5 months), a tiger gives birth to a live litter, usually comprising three or four cubs. Males and females will then leave their mother’s care at around 24 to 30 months of age. Females are likely to find personal territory close to their mothers, while her male cubs will probably wander further away from her.
        Sumatran Tigers are carnivores and will eat whatever they can catch including fish, crocodiles and fowl, with the most common larger prey being wild pigs and deer. In the wild: The tiger is a solitary animal.
        Major threats include habitat loss due to expansion of palm oil plantations and planting of acacia plantations, prey-base depletion, and illegal trade primarily for the domestic market. Kerinci Seblat National Park, which has the largest recorded population of tigers, is suffering a high rate of deforestation in its outer regions.

1. What is the Scientific name of Sumatran Tiger?
   a. Dicerorhinus sumatrensis
   b. Pongo abelii
   c. Elephas maximus sumatrensis
   d. Panthera tigris sumatrae
   e. Panthera tigris sondaica

2. Usually how many cubes does the tiger give birth?
   a. 1-2 cubes
   b. 3-4 cubes
   c. 5-6 cubes
   d. 7-8 cubes
   e. 9-10 cubes

3. When is the season of reproduction of Sumatran Tigers?
   a. January to March
   b. April to June
   c. July to September
   d. October to Desember
   e. Don't have a set season

4. Where is the place which has the largest recorded population of tigers?
   a. Kerinci Seblat National Park
   b. Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park 
   c. Gunung Leuser National Park
   d. Tesso Nilo National Park
   e. Way Kambas National Park

5. What's the status of Sumatran Tigers today?
   a. Endangered
   b. Critically endangered
   c. Extinct in the wild
   d. Extinct
   e. Vulnerable


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